Quality analysis officers and software developers recognize that testing products in a real responsive situation are the best way to catch bugs and fix them before releasing the product to users. Developers employ test plans to guide the testing process and ensure seamless testing. We educate you on what you need to know for efficient test planning.
What Is a Test Plan?
A test plan is a comprehensive guide that describes the testing metrics, objectives, and goals, either hardware or software. Test plans include the scope of testing, timelines, goals, and logistics of the testing process.
What Is a Test Plan Template?
A test plan template is a fillable document you fill with details of your test plan, customize it, proofread it and save it. You can download the templates from various web platforms and save yourself the hassle of designing a test plan from scratch.
Test Plan Templates & Examples
Why Should You Use a Test Plan Template
A test plan template is a blueprint that guides you in conducting the test. You should adhere to the scope of testing to ensure accurate output.
Test plan templates also provide general information to users and developers. Both parties can then suggest how to improve the product best.
Note: A test plan template is not a one-fits-all document. The key to developing a good template is finding one suiting your error [proofing needs, customizing, and tweaking it for future tests.
The major merit of the test plan template is that you can replicate the success. You can use preceding test templates in similar programs and tweak them to fit new software testing.
Types of the Test Plan Templates
The main types of test plan templates depending on the scope of testing are:
- Alpha testing is the preliminary test to catch bugs previously not found.
- Partition testing or black box testing tests all the functional requirements of the program.
- Functional testing establishes system utility and provides reliable test output.
- GUI testing tests how users interact with the program via interactive display icons and indicators.
- The user acceptance test determines whether the program will handle real-world cases.
- Access and security control testing regulate parties using resources in the program environment.
Essential Elements of a Test Plan Template
The following are must-haves of any test plan template:
- Test plan identifier
- Scope of testing
- Testing criteria
- Testing team responsibilities
- Risks and issues
- Approval date and signature.
How to Create a Test Plan
The following steps will guide you in creating an efficacious test plan:
1. Analyze the product
Scrutinize every product’s detail, including software or hardware utility, audience, and how the product will work. Reviewing product documentation is a start to analyzing the product.
2. Design a test strategy
The test strategy is the comprehensive description of the testing scope, techniques, objectives, risks, and test logistics. Develop a suitable testing strategy that covers the whole testing scenario.
3. Document the test criteria
Establishing test criteria identifies the metrics you’ll employ to run the test. There are two main criteria:
- Suspension criteria halt the test until your developers fix all the identified bugs. You can then proceed with testing after resolution.
- Exit criteria outline expectations the development team must meet before proceeding to the next development stage.
Tip: Use visual representations such as graphs or milestone charts when enlisting criteria and the scope of testing. You can also use flow charts to link different yet interdependent test criteria.
A common criteria option is the run rate strategy which must be 100%. Do not pass the exit criteria if your testing team does not meet the 100% run rate.
4. Resource planning
Resource planning enlists all the resources needed to facilitate the test. Resources can include material, equipment, and human resource. Resource planning allows you to estimate the cost for the product and efficiently allocate resources.
5. Test plan environment setup
Develop a real user environment to obtain real-time feedback on your software. Enjoin your test team and development team to develop an accurate test environment.
6. Test estimation
Determine the time and effort required for each part of the project. Include employee availability and risks in your estimation. Use employee skills and efficiency in testing to determine how long each test will take.
Tip: Team up the most skilled personnel for user end testing and interactive displays in your software rather than the running code testing. Expert developers have a knack for great user experiences than novices who explicitly concentrate on code.
After compiling your schedule estimation, run it through with the team to get feedback before drafting the final schedule.
7. Determine test deliverables
Break down the specific resources you must provide, maintain or improve to facilitate the testing activities. Usually, you will develop test deliverables before, during, and after testing. Some deliverables include test data, simulations, test cases specifications, release forms, and defect reports.
Tips for Creating a Test Plan Template
- Provide a concise test plan description.
- Establish test objectives.
- Analyze the product.
- Define the testing criteria.
- Establish test deliverables.
- Identify all resources you need.
- Establish a realistic timeline.
- Avoid using lengthy paragraphs.
- Always ensure a colleague reads through your test plan before submitting it for approval.
A standard test plan template describes all the testing objectives and activities essential to testing a hardware product or software.
Define test objectives, the scope of the text, and the schedule. The introduction can also indicate the version of the program in the series of releases.
The schedule of the activities and the associated timeline. The scope of testing is a reserve for the test strategy.
A test strategy states the general metrics for performing a test while the test plan outlines specific test details such as timeline, the scope of the test, and objectives.
Five common test design techniques are boundary value analysis, equivalent class partitioning, pairwise testing, state transition, and error guessing.
Software or hardware testing is an integral part of product release. It is pivotal to detect and fix the bugs in the program as you develop it. Real user and responsive environments are the best way to test exemplary software effectively. Develop a test plan that best fits your product’s use cases and continually improve it.