It is not the regular disease, but type 2 diabetes can have life-altering influences just like the regular version of this disease. One of the keys that are common between the two illnesses is blood sugar. You will need to keep track of your blood sugar levels in order to live a normal life.
With early diagnosis and treatment, you can get a jump on beating this illness all you have to do is go to your doctor, get a plan and watch your blood sugar levels.
What is blood sugar?
Basically, blood sugar is made from carbohydrates that your body has broken down and turned into glucose. This end product is the fuel that gives your body the energy it needs to perform all the tasks you have to do in a day.
Then the insulin produced by your body helps move the glucose into different cells and keeps it from building up in your blood stream. When this natural process works like it is supposed to you, your body has the fuel it needs to operate at peak levels without having too much glucose in your blood.
Normal blood sugar levels?
This is going to be different for different people. The normal blood sugar levels for people will depend on their age, the amount of exercise they get each day, as well as what medications they take, and other medical issues they have.
Also, blood sugar levels will not be the same throughout the day. Those levels fluctuate according to when the last meal was eaten, what was eaten, how much physical activity they got, and so on.
Then the biggest problem is that professional health organizations do not agree with each other on what is exactly the normal blood sugar level a person should have. You will have to talk to your doctor as he is the last word on what would be normal for you.
Blood Sugar Charts
What are Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Adults with Diabetes?
The best terminology would be what is the target blood sugar levels you should have. That would be a more accurate description than normal blood sugar levels. Here is a little chart to help you identify those levels quickly:
|Time of test||ADA||AACE|
|Before meals||to 130 mg/dL||less than 110 mg/dl|
|2 hours after a meal||less than 180 mg/dl||less than 140 mg/dl|
|A1C (HbA1c)||less than 7%||less than 6.5%|
When it says before meals, usually you should take a test right after you get up and before you have breakfast. This is called the fasting plasma glucose test
Factors that Can Affect Blood Glucose Levels
One of the problems with trying to find factors for blood sugar levels is that there is no universal or one size fits all chart. Since everyone is different and in different health throughout their lives, their factors will be a little different from someone else’s. Here are the common factors:
- age- if you are 45 years old and up
- your lifestyle- how much you drink, eat sweetened foods, etc
- what other health conditions you have- any other diseases, or medical ailments
- mental state- this is always vital to your health
- family history of diabetes
- being overweight
- the risk is higher if you are not Caucasian
- not physically active
Hidden Symptoms of High blood sugar
For this and the following section, these are not so much as hidden as they may just be hard to recognize. Some of these symptoms mimic normal bodily desires like living in a hot country and being thirsty all the time.
So, you have to be careful not to jump the gun and assume you have diabetes when you experience these symptoms:
- excessive thirst
- excessive urination
- unexplained weight loss
- bruises that do not heal
- yeast infections
- skin infections
- feeling hungry right after eating
- stomach pain even though you do not vomit or feel nausea
Hidden Symptoms of Low blood sugar
- feeling tired all the time
- your feet and hands feel tingling, or numb
- blurred vision
- a shaky feeling
- patches of dark skin
Your doctor may be able to give you more for both categories. Unfortunately, our research only turned up lists that did not differentiate between high and low blood sugar levels.
So, it is important to honestly communicate with your doctor to get the right information. Remember not all health organizations will agree with each other.
What are Blood Sugar Charts?
These blood sugar charts do three main tasks:
- they help you identify ideal blood sugar levels throughout the day
- informs you of your blood sugar levels before and after meals
- helps you manage your glucose so you can maintain those levels within the right range
Then these charts help your doctor set goals for you and aids them in monitoring your diabetes diagnosis. In their basic forms, they are merely blood sugar guides that let you record your test results each day.
The table above will give you the parameters your blood sugar levels should fall into so you are not without some guidance as to what is normal.
Monitoring your blood sugar levels is a smart way to stay healthy and keep track of what your body is doing. While you may experience those symptoms be aware that those symptoms can be produced by normal activities and where you live in the country.